FAQs on Arthritis Treatment in Oklahoma – Hip, Knee, Shoulder, and Ankle


Arthritis is a debilitating condition that affects around 54 million U.S. adults. The most common form of arthritis is osteoarthritis. According to projection estimates, by 2040, there will 78 million people with some type of doctor-diagnosed arthritis.


What are the types of arthritis?


The most common types of arthritis include:


  • Osteoarthritis (OA) – Osteoarthritis is the most common type of knee arthritis. OA is a slow progressive degenerative disease that causes the joint cartilage to wear away. OA affects people age 50 years and older. With severe cases of OA, bones start to bulge, and cartilage completely wears away.


  • Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) – This is an inflammatory condition that affects the organs and joints. This systemic condition affects the joint lining, and occurs in multiple joints. With this autoimmune disease, the lining of the joints (called the synovium) becomes inflamed. This condition causes severe pain, swelling, and stiffness of the joints.


  • Post-traumatic arthritis – This type of arthritis occurs after a traumatic joint injury, such as a dislocation of the shoulder or fractured knee.


  • Gouty arthritis – When a person has high levels of uric acid in the blood stream, this causes deposits of uric acid crystals to form in joint linings. The result is painful attaches of arthritis.


What causes arthritis?


Some conditions lead to hip arthritis. Osteoarthritis of the hip affects people as they get older, and this causes much stress and strain on the joint. Growth abnormalities can lead to premature hip arthritis, such as a shallow socket or dysplasia. Another common cause of hip arthritis is being overweight, as excess weight damages the joint.


Arthritis of the knee joint function can occur from knee fractures, torn ligaments, and torn cartilage. Over years, decreased knee joint function occurs from torn ligaments and cartilage. In addition, being overweight puts a person at risk for arthritis of the knee.


What are the symptoms of arthritis?


The symptoms of arthritis include:

  • Joint pain, stiffness, and tenderness
  • Inflammation in and around the joints
  • Joint weakness and muscle wasting
  • Restricted movements of the joints
  • Warm, red skin over the painful joint


What are the risk factors for arthritis?


Some of the risk factors for arthritis include:


  • Age – Arthritis increases with age, including osteoarthritis, gouty arthritis, and rheumatoid arthritis.


  • Family history – Certain types of arthritis are more prevalent if you have a parent with the disorder. Experts believe your gees make you more susceptible to environmental issues that trigger arthritis.


  • Obesity – Putting stress on the joints leads to wearing away of the cartilaginous lining.


  • Female gender – Women are more likely than men to have rheumatoid arthritis, but most people with gout are men.


  • Previous joint injury – Having an injured joint, from playing sports, makes you more at risk for arthritis.


Does platelet-rich plasma work for arthritis?


Researchers conducted a systematic review of studies involving platelet-rich plasma (PRP). In one randomized study, PRP therapy was evaluated after 24 weeks. They found that 3 studies favored PRP therapy over hyaluronic acid injections. They concluded that PRP injections offered beneficial effects for the treatment of knee osteoarthritis.


Are stem cells effective for treating arthritis?


Seven randomized controlled clinical trials, involving 314 participants diagnosed with OA, have been evaluated. In these studies stem cells injections were used to treat arthritis.


Researchers concluded that stem cells reduced pain and improved physical function in patients with knee OA. Stem cells are undifferentiated cells (not changed) that can transform into other body cell types. These cells can regenerate damaged cartilage, and release chemokines, cytokines, and growth factors to improve joint function.



  • Khoshbin A, Leroux T, Wasserstein D, et al. (2013). The Efficacy of Platelet-Rich Plasma in the Treatment of Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis: A Systematic Review With Quantitative Synthesis. Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic and Related Surgery, 29 (12), 2037-2048.
  • Xia P, Wang X, & Lin Q (2015). Efficacy of mesenchymal stem cells injection for the management of knee osteoarthritis: a systematic review and meta-analysis. International Orthopedics, 39(12), 2363-2372.